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K12 LibreTexts

4.17: Earth's Minerals and Rocks- Challenge 3

  • Page ID
    5377
  • 1. Landslides drop large piles of sediment due to ___.
    gravity
    2. Weathering is a ___ phenomenon.
    surface
    3. Red rocks are formed when which element is present?
    Oxygen
    4. The process in which fluid deposits ions that bind loose sediment into rock is called ___.
    cementation
    5. Shale is made from ___.
    clay
    6. Order the following sedimentary rocks by grain size, from smallest to largest: sandstone, breccia/conglomerate, shale, and siltstone.
    siltstone (1), shale (2), sandstone (3), and breccia/conglomerate (4)
    7. Sediments are deposited ___.
    horizontally
    8. Which type of metamorphism occurs when nearby magma alters a rock?
    Contact metamorphism
    9. ___ metamorphism occurs over a large area.
    Regional
    10. Which of the following metamorphic rocks is foliated: quartzite, gneiss, or marble?
    Gneiss
    11. Metamorphism of limestone turns into ___.
    marble
    12. Slate is made from the metamorphism of ___.
    shale
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