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9.10: Earth's Oceans- Challenge 2

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    1. A wave moves across the ocean as ___ is transferred to the water in the direction the wave is traveling.
    2. When a wave breaks onshore, it is not the water but the ___ that has traveled from where the wave formed.
    3. A water molecule in a wind wave moves in a(n) ___ motion.
    4. ___ tides have the smallest tidal range.
    5. Tides are caused primarily by the ___, whose gravity pulls on the ocean.
    6. If you wanted to see the most tide pools on a shore, you should go ___.
    during a spring tide, when the tide is low
    7. In which direction do the westerlies blow in the middle latitudes?
    West to East
    8. The ___ Circumpolar Current is the only major current that does not meet a continent.
    9. ___ are major surface currents that flow clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere.
    10. Ocean currents transfer thermal energy from the ___.
    equatorial region to the polar regions
    11. The Gulf Stream's warm water raises temperatures in the ___.
    North Atlantic Ocean
    12. If ocean water did not move, Earth would be blazing in the ___ region and frigid in the ___ regions.
    equatorial; polar
    13. ___ brings nutrients from the deep ocean to the surface, which sustains life.
    14. Differences in temperature and salinity change the ___ of seawater.
    15. ___ circulation is vertical movement of water that drives deep ocean circulation.

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