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- Writing without rhyme or meter. Prose writing is usually grouped into paragraphs.
- The literal meaning of a word.
- The meanings a reader associates with a word based on the reader’s own background and experiences.
- Language comparing two things by saying they are the same.
- Language comparing two things using the words “like” or “as.”
- The reoccurrence of words or phrases throughout a text.
- The character telling the story.
- Unreliable narrator
- A narrator who the reader cannot trust to tell the facts of the story correctly.
- First-person narration
- Narration told through the viewpoint of a single character who uses “I,” “you,” and “we.” This character may or may not be involved in the event of the story.
- Third-person limited narration
- Narration told by a character outside of the story who does not refer to him- or herself as “I,” “you,” or “we.”
- Third-person omniscient narration
- Narration written by a character outside of the story who has access to all information in the story. This mode of narration does not use “I,” “you,” or “we.”