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13.63: Prenatal Development

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    What characterizes this fetus as human?

    The human fetus. Notice the details in the face and hands. Compare this to the human embryo, and the amount of growth and development is truly remarkable.

    Growth and Development of the Fetus

    From the end of the eighth week until birth, the developing human organism is referred to as a fetus. Birth typically occurs at about 38 weeks after fertilization, so the fetal period generally lasts about 30 weeks. During this time, as outlined in Figure below, the organs complete their development. The fetus also grows rapidly in length and weight.

    f-d_dde4c018f12eeb60b63f80004dc311f6d0393cc47060489bedaaf327+IMAGE_THUMB_POSTCARD_TINY+IMAGE_THUMB_POSTCARD_TINY.pngFetal Development (Weeks 9–38). Organ development is completed and body size increases dramatically during weeks 9–38.

    By the 38th week, the fetus is fully developed and ready to be born (see Figure below). A 38-week fetus normally ranges from 36 to 51 centimeters (14–20 inches) in length and weighs between 2.7 and 4.6 kilograms (about 6–10 pounds).

    f-d_82b1766f414ebc8e43690d91d282f8f507e169ca8568eecafb5f1e1f+IMAGE_THUMB_POSTCARD_TINY+IMAGE_THUMB_POSTCARD_TINY.pngA 38-week-old fetus has completed development and will soon be born.


    • The fetal stage begins about two months after fertilization and continues until birth.
    • During this stage, organs continue to develop, and the fetus grows in size.


    1. Make a flow chart of embryonic and fetal development.
    2. Why would an embryo be more susceptible than a fetus to damage by toxins?
    Image Reference Attributions
    f-d_8b871abe806cdc15161f52fe3b07cd62047fc594e6f360c5e97b7bb6+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.jpg [Figure 1] Credit: Gray's Anatomy, modified by User:Amada44/Wikimedia Commons
    License: CC BY-NC
    f-d_dde4c018f12eeb60b63f80004dc311f6d0393cc47060489bedaaf327+IMAGE_THUMB_SMALL_TINY+IMAGE_THUMB_SMALL_TINY.png [Figure 2] Credit: CK-12 Foundation, using embryo illustrations copyright lelik759, 2014
    License: Embryo illustrations used under license from
    f-d_82b1766f414ebc8e43690d91d282f8f507e169ca8568eecafb5f1e1f+IMAGE_THUMB_SMALL_TINY+IMAGE_THUMB_SMALL_TINY.png [Figure 3] Credit: Gray's Anatomy, modified by User:Amada44/Wikimedia Commons
    License: Public Domain

    13.63: Prenatal Development is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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