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K12 LibreTexts

11.15: Weather- Challenge 2

  • Page ID
    5522
  • 1. Electrical charge separations in cumulonimbus clouds generate electric potentials, which are released as electricity in the form of ___.
    lightning
    2. A thunderstorm will end when ___.
    downdrafts cool the base of the cloud and shut down convection
    3. Thunder arises from ___.
    rapidly expanding air heated explosively by lightning
    4. When a warm air mass rises at a cold front, a ___ pressure cell is created.
    low
    5. Mid-latitude cyclones form at the ___ when the temperature difference between two air masses is ___.
    polar front; large
    6. Hurricanes get their energy from the ___ water they form and travel over.
    warm
    7. Hurricane Katrina caused so much damage to New Orleans because ___.
    it broke the levees that protected the city
    8. The Saffir-Simpson Scale measures hurricane intensity, ranging from ___.
    1-5, with 1 being the weakest
    9. Snow storms, sleet, and cold winds occur in ___.
    blizzards
    10. Blizzards are most common in winter when the jet stream has moved ___.
    south
    11. Buffalo and Rochester, New York, are the snowiest metropolitan areas in the U.S. because they are downwind from ___.
    The Great Lakes
    12. A ___ happens when a region gets significantly less precipitation than normal for an extended period of time.
    drought
    13. A period of excessively hot weather in a particular region for a prolonged period of time is a ___.
    heat wave