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12.6: Climate- Challenge 1

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    1. A location's average wind speed and direction, humidity, and air temperature can describe the location's ___.
    2. ___ is the long-term average of weather for a region.
    3. The ___ receives the most solar radiation over the course of a year.
    4. At the ___ the Sun never rises very high in the sky.
    5. The Intertropical Convergence Zone is also known as the ___.
    6. Winds blowing from the sub-tropical high pressure zones to the sub-polar low pressure zones are the ___.
    7. Winds are caused primarily by ___.
    pressure differences
    8. Coastal ___ brings cold, deep water up to the ocean surface off of California, which contributes to the cool coastal temperatures.
    9. A continental climate is more extreme than a coastal climate and has ___ winters and ___ summers.
    cold; hot
    10. Why is Mount Kilimanjaro covered by snow at the peak even though it is located near the equator?
    it's very tall--temperature decreases with altitude in the troposphere
    11. The Great Basin, which includes the Bonneville Salt Flats of Utah, is ___ because ___.
    very dry; it is in the rainshadow of the Sierra Nevada Mountains
    12. Air pressure and air temperature ___ with increasing altitude.

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