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5.14: Area and Perimeter of Trapezoids

  • Page ID
    4998
  • Area is the height times the average of the bases; perimeter is the sum of the sides.

    A trapezoid is a quadrilateral with one pair of parallel sides. The parallel sides are called the bases and we will refer to the lengths of the bases as \(b_1\) and \(b_2\). The perpendicular distance between the parallel sides is the height of the trapezoid. The area of a trapezoid is \(A=\dfrac{1}{2}h(b_1+b_2)\) where \(h\) is always perpendicular to the bases.

    f-d_c1b06ab493bfb762ce7a00292eeb9fd1d51740ed61874be55029f0e3+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\)

    What if you were given a trapezoid and the size of its two bases as well as its height? How could you find the total distance around the trapezoid and the amount of space it takes up?

    Example \(\PageIndex{1}\)

    Find the area of the trapezoid.

    f-d_e764f1c3e83b3024cca4c061cbb134bbea2a05f4fd30ff0782ed47f8+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{2}\)

    Solution

    Use the formula for the area of a trapezoid.

    \(\dfrac{1}{2}(18)(41+21)=558\text{ units}^2\)

    Example \(\PageIndex{2}\)

    Find the area of the trapezoid. Round your answers to the nearest hundredth.

    f-d_0dbc04261ca9bbb2ebf8c4cd0da2ed01cbc415d971c874bf94805f3e+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{3}\)

    Solution

    Use the formula for the area of a trapezoid.

    \( \dfrac{1}{2}(5)(16+9)=62.5\text{ units}^2\)

    Example \(\PageIndex{3}\)

    Find the area of the trapezoid.

    f-d_93929731e81fccbdeb0e48ec65c76cb9de3070945aa96ca9e6764cf7+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{4}\)

    Solution

    \(\begin{aligned} A&=\dfrac{1}{2}(11)(14+8) \\ A&=\dfrac{1}{2}(11)(22) \\ A&=121\text{ units}^2\end{aligned}\)

    Example \(\PageIndex{4}\)

    Find the area of the trapezoid.

    f-d_57e55cb65ba8a0c7f53e1a46f74ffe5f49301cdf6988bcbfd9a444a1+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{5}\)

    Solution

    \(\begin{aligned} A&=\dfrac{1}{2}(9)(15+23) \\ A&=\dfrac{1}{2}(9)(38) \\ A&=171\text{ units}^2 \end{aligned}\)

    Example \(\PageIndex{5}\)

    Find the perimeter and area of the trapezoid.

    f-d_4a742e4f3d7ffe2227d6c71cd43ab769fdaddebfb899185eeb566908+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{6}\)

    Solution

    Even though we are not told the length of the second base, we can find it using special right triangles. Both triangles at the ends of this trapezoid are isosceles right triangles, so the hypotenuses are \(4\sqrt{2}\) and the other legs are of length 4.

    \(\begin{aligned} P&=8+4\sqrt{2}+16+4\sqrt{2} &\qquad A&=\dfrac{1}{2}(4)(8+16) \\ P&=24+8\sqrt{2}\approx 35.3\text{ units} & A&=48\text{ units}^2 \end{aligned}\)

    Review

    Find the area and perimeter of the following shapes. Round your answers to the nearest hundredth.

    1. f-d_0507e5f76588bf701fd5a10444821a474c0a623b36910874c7da14f4+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.png
      Figure \(\PageIndex{7}\)
    2. f-d_d96422852b13b0c84ab06d85a1e8c7a950525daed7c80f8276cbf2c7+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.png
      Figure \(\PageIndex{8}\)

    Find the area of the following trapezoids.

    1. Trapezoid with bases 3 in and 7 in and height of 3 in.
    2. Trapezoid with bases 6 in and 8 in and height of 5 in.
    3. Trapezoid with bases 10 in and 26 in and height of 2 in.
    4. Trapezoid with bases 15 in and 12 in and height of 10 in.
    5. Trapezoid with bases 4 in and 23 in and height of 21 in.
    6. Trapezoid with bases 9 in and 4 in and height of 1 in.
    7. Trapezoid with bases 12 in and 8 in and height of 16 in.
    8. Trapezoid with bases 26 in and 14 in and height of 19 in.

    Use the given figures to answer the questions.

    f-d_66f889271da061c075e7f3293ecdbd11de4f7ca927f17d80ac954b9f+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{9}\)
    1. What is the perimeter of the trapezoid?
    2. What is the area of the trapezoid?
    f-d_3aca86122b2468a1535858022292851bd15bbc4b5833f747818a0f11+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{10}\)
    1. What is the perimeter of the trapezoid?
    2. What is the area of the trapezoid?
    f-d_dd33de75c7638bc7e2e588ff9dedc1e5e5675a9f13703529771eae31+IMAGE_TINY+IMAGE_TINY.png
    Figure \(\PageIndex{11}\)
    1. What is the perimeter of the trapezoid?
    2. What is the area of the trapezoid?

    Review (Answers)

    To see the Review answers, open this PDF file and look for section 10.5.

    Vocabulary

    Term Definition
    area The amount of space inside a figure. Area is measured in square units.
    isosceles trapezoid An isosceles trapezoid is a trapezoid where the non-parallel sides are congruent.
    midsegment (of a trapezoid) A line segment that connects the midpoints of the non-parallel sides.
    perimeter The distance around a shape. The perimeter of any figure must have a unit of measurement attached to it. If no specific units are given (feet, inches, centimeters, etc), write units.
    trapezoid A quadrilateral with exactly one pair of parallel sides.

    Additional Resources

    Interactive Element

    Video: Area and Perimeter of Trapezoids Examples - Basic

    Activities: Area and Perimeter of Trapezoids Discussion Questions

    Study Aids: Triangles and Quadrilaterals Study Guide

    Practice: Area and Perimeter of Trapezoids

    Real World: Perimeter